ASTM E/EM: Standard Practice for Design and Performance of Supported Laminated Glass Walkways. of breakage (POB) of 8/ from the appendix of ASTM E, these allowable stresses While ASTM E () does address point loads as design. testing to ASTM F Test Method. • Testing program 41kPa,. kPa-msec ASTM E Standard. Practice. – Calculation method. • Determine glass.

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Work Item s – proposed revisions of this standard. Through video he introduces a Glass walkways, while less common, are also required to comply with a nationally recognized standard.

Laminated glass products may break, but r2751 held together by an interlayer of plastic or polymer reducing the likelihood of exposure to sharp edges. Heat Strengthened Glass H. When it shatters, float glass axtm into shards that are sharp and pointed. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Therefore, the type of glass is an important consideration in the design and construction of glass treads and glass landings constructed with laminated glass.

Without appropriate e271, people can unintentionally walk into these features and become injured without breaking the glass.

ASTM E – 11 Standard Practice for Design and Performance of Supported Glass Walkways

Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. It addresses the characteristics unique to glass and laminated glass. Written into fire and life safety codes asttm much of those 50 years, wired glass can still be found in buildings today. These shards can easily cut flesh and tendons, and the results can be severe or even deadly.

One side can shatter from impact without the other side shattering, and, when the adtm shatters, it does not delaminate into shards… Tempered Glass is created during manufacture by rapidly cooling the outer surfaces of the glass while astk inner portion remains viscous. Laminated Glass has two separate pieces of annealed, heat strengthened or tempered glass sandwiched around a layer of clear polyvinyl butaryl PVB.


The use of wired glass has faded with the introduction of ceramic and tempered glass products but it is still present in many older buildings today. The glass is not subjected to further treatment such as sandblasting; etching; heat treatment or painting that could alter the original properties of the glass. In this article, architect and premises safety expert, Anthony Shinsky discusses various aspects of flooring that influence pedestrian safety.

Storefronts and glazed curtainwalls may not be reliably identified by people walking nearby and they can easily be confused with an open walking path.

Heat strengthened and tempered glass break into rounded cubes which may still contain sharp edges, but do not form dagger-like shards. ASTM E, Standard Practice for Design and Performance of Supported Glass Walkwaysprovides requirements for structural performance, markings for clarity and slip resistance for the design and construction of these features. The area of any single vision panel shall be not less than 24 square inches 15 mm 2 and the total area of one or more vision panels in any hoistway door shall be not more than 85 square inches 54 mm 2.

But tempered glass and other types of safety glazing are not hazard free. Float glass was the most common type of glass used in buildings until recent times. According to the National Safety Council, hundreds of people are injured each year through their encounter with broken float glass.

ASTM E2751/E2751M – 17a

Your message has been received – we will be in touch shortly. If you have specific questions or need immediate assistance, please contact us directly at Existing float glass can be covered with guards or a transparent film to prevent it from shattering and most glass can be easily removed and replaced with an appropriate safety glazing material.

Glass safety standards were developed that aimed at curbing this trend. What is a Safe Floor? For assistance determining which expert is best qualified to investigate the specific technical aspects of your case, please contact your local Robson Forensic office or submit an inquiry through our website. Floor to ceiling storefronts, shopping malls, restaurants, office buildings, and other commercial environments often include these features.


Submit an inquiry or contact the author of this article to discuss your case and how we can assist.

A common feature in commercial and retail environments, Glass guards and handrails require the same safety features as non-glass guards and handrails. Impact resistance, breakage tolerance, deflection of the system, and the free area between components are all astj by this standard and the failure to meet any one of them can result in injury.

Section 2409 Glass in Walkways, Elevator Hoistways and Elevator Cars

First produced in Europe, wired glass was introduced to the United States in or around Tempered glass shall be permitted to be used for ast, walls and ceilings of elevator cars provided: Share URL Copy and paste the link below into emails, chats or browsers. While commercially popular, some types of modern e27511 glass may represent a serious danger. As a former hearing officer on the AIA National Ethics Council, and now a testifying expert satm construction disputes, I have seen my share of Under impact, body parts can break the glass, and the embedded wires present a significant risk of injury.

Generally, they are the areas surrounding a doorway and places where it is foreseeable that a person could walk and encounter glazing, such as patios, and fully glazed storefronts.

Glass in Walkways, Elevator Hoistways and Elevator Cars | UpCodes

Glass in elevator hoistway enclosures and hoistway doors shall be laminated glass conforming to ANSI Z Glass in elevator cars shall be in accordance with this section. Old float or wired glass still in use where modern standards require safety glazing products; improperly installed replacement glass panels and tempered or heat strengthened glass which fail during use; and inadequately marked or protected glass axtm which cannot be reliably identified can all result in injury.

Depending upon where and how they are used, even these products can be hazardous.