Bismarckia nobilis. Figure 1. Young Bismarck Palm. Bismarck Palm. 1. Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2. INTRODUCTION. Lending a tropical flair to. Description: Bismarckia nobilis is a stunning, large palm widely cultivated in the tropics for its beautiful silver-blue foliage although a green leaf variety exists. Scientific Name: Bismarckia nobilis Hildebr. & Synonym(s). Medemia nobilis (Hildebr. & ) Gall. Assessment Information [top]. Red List.

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In the past two decades literally tens of thousands of this species have been planted in many domestic and public habitats worldwide. When one looks at pictures of Bismarckia nobilis in habitat in Madagascar, he begins to realize just how hardy this palm is and the extremes of conditions it tolerates. The leaf stems and bases may be smooth or hairy. This can cause a rapid death to the seedling. This page has been accessed 73, times.

Bismarckia nobilis – Palmpedia – Palm Grower’s Guide

They have invaded Big Box stores, almost like the “Gremlins” from the movie. It is from the western and northern areas of the country of Madagascar where it enjoys sun, heat and dry conditions. Solitary, upright stems to 20 m tall and up to cm in diameter, bulging at the base of the stem, covered with remnants of old leaf bases in young palms, then with irregular leaf scar rings and vertical fissures on a gray background in older ones.

Photo by Troy Donovan Troy giving scale. To summarize bismarcki basic culture, consider this species if you have good draining soil, experience ample heat during the year and down get below about 22 degrees.


Bismarckia nobilis is similar to another genus, Medemiabut the two are felt presently to be two distinct genera.

Although mentioned in the bis,arckia for many decades, this species has become much more understood over the past twenty years. Brahea armata at Balboa Park, San Diego.

There also seems to be less cold tolerance with the green form, a fact that is surprising.

Central and Western Madagascan grasslands. It is seen in plateaus and plain areas where it experiences extremes in weather from very hot and dry to more humid conditions during the rainy season.

Latania loddigesii is also a solitary, erect palm with waxy, blue-green costapalmate leaves, but its hastula is triangular or arrow-shaped, not like the assymetrical spoon-shaped hastula found on Bismarckia nobilis.

Resistence to wind Depending on the species palms may suffer damage due to persistent or strong winds. The wooly scales on the underside of Latania loddigesii leaves are pale, not dark cinnamon-colored as in Bismarckia nobilis, and the seeds of Latania are enclosed in sculpted pyrenes, unlike those of Bismarckia.

It tolerates cold temperatures into the low 20’s F.

It is not unusual for botanical gardens to feature a planting of multiple silver blue Bismarckia. The genus is named for the German chancellor, Otto von Bismarckone of the few cases where botanists have named a species after a politician.

Few people are aware of just how large this palm can get, and one often sees it planted in places where its going to cause real problems later on. The crown of leaves numbers from 15 to 30 leaves, typically blue to silver in color, and slightly arched. This article is written like a manual or guidebook.

Bismarckia is a monotypic genus of flowering plant in the palm family endemic to western and northern Madagascar where they grow in open grassland. Diameter of the trunk Width or diameter which the trunk of the palm normally reaches when it is adult. Scientific name Bismarckia nobilis Hildebr. TRUNK smooth, grey-brown, cylindrical, very straight, cm in diam. Culture hismarckia containers is possible although growth rates are slower.


Photo by Philippe Alvarez At Len’s place.

Special thanks to Palmweb. Bismarckia is a dioecious genus. This palm in habitat is known to get up to 60 feet, but this height may take a century to reach. Navigation menu Personal tools Log in. Observe the leaves behind this one.

Identifying Commonly Cultivated Palms

Common names Local names used for this palm. In their natural habitat they can reach above 25 meters in height but usually get no taller than 12 m in cultivation.

If you really want a blue fan palm but live in a very cold area, Brahea armata might be a good substitute palm species. Although the Bismarck Palm can tolerate drought, it does respond to ample water during the summer and gives more rapid growth. Use inside Some palms are an excellent addition to gismarckia decor being in little need of light, water or humidity. It needs sunny sites with plenty of room to develop. This causes bismqrckia stems to be intensely blue. Vista, California, Photo by Dr.

Bismarckia Nobilis 15 yrs old from 5 gln, Palm Springs, Ca. Bismarckia nobilis in box, photo by B. Nong Nooch Botanical Gardens, Thailand.

Though this form is much faster growing than the blue form in tropical climates, the opposite tends to bosmarckia true in a Mediterranean climate.