Home arrow Military Publications – Field Manuals – USAHEC arrow FM Mine/Countermine Operations. Reference URL. Share. Save to. Field Manual (FM) provides United States (US) armed forces with tactical, technical, and procedural guidance for conducting mine and countermine. Field Manual FM Mine/Countermine Operations at the Company Level [ Department of the Army] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

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Marking devices gure Laying a minefield continued They also mark mines for destruction by explosives. The NCOIC moves to the right or left depending on the laying direction beginning-of-strip operaitons of the strip and organizes the layers into one column to his rear, directly on the centerline. A far recognition marker completes intermediate lane marking. The location of key supply nodes and the type of resupply method used depends in part on the type, amount, and availability of haul assets.

The location of these control measures must be clear, opdrations they are the basis for obstacle siting.

Full text of “FM (Mine Countermine Operations)”

Figures throughpages throughprovide guidelines for varying minefield depth, front, density, and composition to best achieve disrupt, fix, turn, and block effects.

An obstacle is an excellent location for preplanned artillery and mortar fires. This planning is directive and detailed in nature and focuses on the determination of obstacle groups and the type and amount of prepared positions. Lane requirements change as a breaching countwrmine matures from an initial breach to the forward passage of large combat forces. MCR gure Depending on the size and the location of minefields, either technique may have the advantage of using fewer resources or labor.

Usually pressure-actuated, requiring contact with the wheels or tracks of a vehicle. Buried M21 mine A gure A They must be visually different from handrail markers to help the force distinguish this critical point in the lane.


One signal is usually physical vountermine, acceleration, or unstackingand the other is electronic. The emplacing vehicles work toward the safe lane. The mine is protected from damage and is difficult to see.

However, the commander may initially use other personnel as guides to man critical far recognition markers until the MP establish full TCPs. TF direct-fire analysis gure For this reason, units operating in the vicinity of these minefields must know calculated safety zones and use extreme caution. Obstacle material is normally broken down into minefield packages if the material is not already delivered in combat-configured loads.

Air Volcano dispensing times based on air speed Firing mechanism or other device sets off the detonator or igniter charge. PHYSICAL Physical detection probing is very time-consuming and is used primarily for clearing operations, self-extraction, and covert breaching operations.

Synchronization All aspects of synchronization should be implemented when planning route clearance. They are designed to be delivered or dispensed remotely by aircraft, artillery, missile, or a ground dispenser.

Street obstacles gure This point B1 marks the beginning mind the second row. Final-Approach Markers Final-approach markers are highly visible, robust markers that augment the visual signature of entrance funnel markers. Adding more situational obstacles. The manual is presented in three parts—mine operations, counteroperations, and special-mining operations. Far recognition markers mnie be emplaced before or concurrent with exit markers, based on the mission and the situation.

Four racks can be mounted on a vehicle, and each rack can hold 40 Mseries mine canisters. The Hornet can be partially buried if the terrain kperations the vegetation does not provide effective natural camouflage and concealment. Deliberate route clearance The platoon sweep team Figurepage is dismounted to focus its attention on the entire length of the route. I n many cases, the SD period may be set at only a few hours. Much like final protective fires FPFprotective minefields provide the defender with close-in protection during the enemy’s final assault.


Mine/Countermine Operations FM 20-32 C2

A block group 1 in the south, along with direct fires from a company team, will stop the advance of any element along the southern AA. This is done by using a mine 203-2 or another blast-resistant device. The location of individual obstacles within a group is determined during the siting process between the emplacing engineer and the maneuver company commander.

They are primarily used when passing forces are denied direct observation of the final-approach marker due to distance, visibility, or terrain. The lethality of a block-effect minefield 80 percent or higher is similar to that of a turn-effect minefield see Figurepage Civilians staying away from certain places oerations out of certain buildings are good indications of the presence of mines or booby traps.

Sample DA Form for a row minefield front gure b. Groups are designed specifically to support the direct-fire plan of theTF. The engineer must understand the commander’s intent and how it relates to integrating obstacles.

FM 20-32 Mine/Countermine Operations

The success of phony minefields depends on the enemy’s state of mind. When only one ground delivery system is used, the crew must wait 4 minutes after dispensing the kperations strip before dispensing the second strip.

The following rules should be applied to achieve the maximum effects of mines: The NCO tells layers the number and type of mines to be placed next to the base mine in each cluster.