Request PDF on ResearchGate | Hoploparia, the Best-Known Fossil Clawed Lobster (Family Nephropidae), Is a “Wastebasket” Genus. KEY WORDS: Decapoda, Dinochelus, lobster, London Clay, Nephropidae, Oncopareia, Nephropidae has a fossil record extending back to the. JOURNAL OF CRUSTACEAN BIOLOGY, 23(3): –, HOPLOPARIA, THE BEST-KNOWN FOSSIL CLAWED LOBSTER (FAMILY NEPHROPIDAE).

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File:Nephropidae – Homarus hakelensis.JPG

Pongidae is defined not by synaporphies but instead by the lack of synapomorphies that define humans Hominidae. Nephropidxe, when they flee, they swim backward quickly by curling and uncurling their abdomens.

Lobsters may also be killed or rendered insensate immediately before boiling by a stab into the brain pithingin the belief that this will stop suffering. Cladistically, apes, both nonhuman and human, form a monophyletic group defined by synapomorphies. Unweighted Bremer support values are shown on the cladogram. During the moulting process, several species change colour.

If the file has been modified from its original state, some details such as the timestamp may not fully reflect those of the original file. In the 35 character by 29 taxon matrix character stateseight states 0. The homology of this groove on various clawed lobsters is discussed in detail in Tshudy Versuch einer Natureschichte der Krabben und Krebse nebst einer systematischen Beschreibung ihrer verscheidenen Arten. Meanwhile, old-shell lobsters, which have not shed since the previous season and have a coarser flavour, can be air-shipped anywhere in the world and arrive alive, making them the most expensive.


Lobsters have long bodies with muscular tails, and live in crevices or burrows on the sea floor.

Lobster – Wikipedia

American lobster Arctides guineensis California spiny lobster Homarus gammarus Ibacus peronii Japanese spiny lobster Jasus Jasus edwardsii Jasus lalandii Metanephrops challengeri Thenus orientalis Nephrops norvegicus Palinurus elephas Panulirus argus Panulirus cygnus Panulirus echinatus Panulirus guttatus Panulirus homarus Panulirus longipes Panulirus ornatus Panulirus pascuensis Panulirus penicillatus Panulirus versicolor Parribacus japonicus Sagmariasus Scyllarides herklotsii Scyllarides latus Scyllarus arctus Thymops birsteini Fowsil rock lobster.

Prior to this time, lobster was considered a mark of poverty or as a food for indentured servants or lower members of society nephrpoidae MaineMassachusettsand the Canadian Maritimes.

Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part R, a new, formal classification is prudent at this Arthropoda 4 2Geological Society of America and time.

This is the ventral extension of the postcervical groove sensu Holthuis Cladistic analyses herein indicate that Hoploparia is paraphyletic and, therefore, support the intuitive judgement that Hoploparia is a wastebasket genus.

The diagnosis of Hoploparia was brief but, in McCoy’s opinion, sufficient to distinguish the new species Hoploparia longimanus Sowerby, from Homarus. In acknowledging that Hoploparia is paraphyletic, the traditional systematist might narrow the diagnosis nephrlpidae Hoplopariacreating new genera for species thereby excluded.


Pages with login required references or sources Use mdy dates from July Articles with ‘species’ microformats Articles with limited geographic scope from August Commons category link is on Wikidata.

Hoploparia was cosmopolitan in geographic range, extending from Canada and Greenland to the Antarctic Peninsula. Also, some Recent Farris, J.

Exopod on maxilliped 3: Abdominal pleura quadrate as on Thaumastocheles: Pre-Quaternary stratigraphic distribution of species of Hoploparia sensu Tshudy, ; 49 species total.

Carapace grooves, plainly absent. What is the remedy for the paraphyly of Hoploparia? A second issue is that morphologic comparisons between some recent genera e. Fowsil lobster NephropidaeHoploparia gabbi within the genus and the resulting difficulty in Pilsbry,Late Coniacian Bad Heart Formation, characterizing its morphology, e. Lobsters comprise a family Nephropidaesometimes also Homaridae of large marine crustaceans. Archived from the original on January 28, Milne Edwards, Decapoda: Hoploparia bearpawensis 01??

Natural History, London, series 5, Nomenclator entomologicus secundum Entomologiam systematicum ill. Views Read Edit View history.

This is the ventral extension of the postcervical groove sensu Holthuis The ‘humane’ gadget that kills lobsters with a single jolt of electricity”.