This is a reprint of the English Translation of the Nyaya Sutras of Gautama by Mm . Dr. Ganganatha Jha, the versatile Sanskrit scholar who will ever be. Where There’s Smoke There’s Fire: Gautama’s Nyāya-Sūtra. Posted on 10 December The Nyāya-Sūtra inaugurates a tradition of logical and. Nyaya: Gautama’s Nyaya-sutra, with Vatsyayana’s commentary (Indian philosophy in its sources) [Gautama (Authority on Nyayasastra)] on *FREE*.

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The sb-called untruth in the Veda comes from some defect in the act, operator or materials of sacrifice.

Aphorism raises the objection that doubt cannot arise from the irregularity of perception and non-perception as the irregularity is settled in itself. The word noun signifies all the three though prominence is given to one of them. Some say that the word noun denotes form by which an entity is recognised. Perhaps this also explains why in spite of the great utility and importance of the work no publisher could venture to bring it out in a book form during the past so many decades.

Doubt, they say, does not arise from the irregula- rity of perception and non-perception, because in the irregularity itself there is regularity. There is another tradition prevalent in the town of Chapra that Gautama, husband of Ahalya and founder of the Nyaya philosophy, resided in a village now called Godna at the confluence of the rivers Ganges and -Sarayfi where a Sanskrit academy called Gautama Thomson Pathasala has been established to commemorate the great sage.

Non-existence, we reply, serves to mark out an object unmarked by the mark which characterises other objects. The illustration from an army or a forest does not hold good, for atoms cannot be detected by the senses. In practical concerns much importance is attached to the form.


The Nyaya-Sutras Of Gautama: With The Bhasya Of Vatsyayana And The Vartika Of Uddyotakara

This is, we reply, no opposition because remem- brance is really a quality of the soul. In the eye there is ray gautsma does not however possess an obvious colour.

The Variisa- Brfihmana of the Samaveda mentions four members of the Gotama famiJyt among the teachers who transmitted that Veda to posterity, viz t the Radii a-Gautama, Gaff-Gautama, Sumanta-bfibhrava- Gautama and Saihkara- Gautama ; and the Chtlndogya Upanigad of the same Veda mentions another teacher named Harklnimata-Gautamat who was approached by Satya-Kaina Javfila to be his teacher.

As we have already observed, this is the basic and ineradicable distinction between Hinduism and Buddhism”. Opponent — There is no soul.

Nose is of the same nature as earth, tongue as water, oye as light, skin as air and ear as ether. To reconcile these conflicting statements it has been suggested that Aksapada otherwise known as Gotama or Gautama was the founder of the Nyaya philosophy, that he was born at Gautama-sthana in Mithila on the river Ksirodadhi, lived for some years at the village now called GodnS at the confluence of the Ganges and Saraytt until his retirement into Prabhasa the well-known sacred place of pilgrimage in Kathiawar on the sea-coast.

Again, the letters cannot be modified if you say that they are impermanent because there is no time for’ i of dadhi to be modified into y when q, of atra follows.

Another ground for the non-eternality of sound is that it is cognised sutrq our sense. When, for instance, we perceive a jar we perceive also its gaurama i. Visit our Help Pages. Desire, aversion, volition, pleasure, pain and intelligence are the marks of the soul. Tt is the nose alone that cognises all sorts of odour— good or bad. From Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia.

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Hence in spite of the eye-ball being a material substance there is no impossibility for it to apprehend the great and the small. But such is never the case.

Some say that the soul is not eternal because it may be produced along with desire as other things are produced along with their qualities. The means of right knowledge cannot, therefore, be denied. Now the knowledge of simi- larity between the tallness of a man and that of a post presupposes a knowledge of the man and the post, of which the two kinds of tallness are attributes.

We maintain that repetition is possible even if the things repeated are ” other” or different. In reply we say that there is reliance on the matter signified by a word because the word has been used by a reliable person.

Nyāya Sūtras – Wikipedia

The ” Sutta” or Sutra section of the Pali literature reads very much like a body of sermons bearing no affinity with the Sutra works of the Brahmanas. Faults have the characteristic of causing activity. The letters ended with an affix form a word. In each tangible substance there is only one kind of smell, taste, touch or colour.

Share your thoughts with other customers. Webarchive template wayback links EngvarB from May Use dmy dates from January All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from January byaya Aphorism brings forth the objection that doubt is not produced even by the recognition of common or uncommon properties alone.

It is well-known how ofAhalya.