This is a reprint of the English Translation of the Nyaya Sutras of Gautama by Mm . Dr. Ganganatha Jha, the versatile Sanskrit scholar who will ever be. Where There’s Smoke There’s Fire: Gautama’s Nyāya-Sūtra. Posted on 10 December The Nyāya-Sūtra inaugurates a tradition of logical and. Nyaya: Gautama’s Nyaya-sutra, with Vatsyayana’s commentary (Indian philosophy in its sources) [Gautama (Authority on Nyayasastra)] on *FREE*.

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J Kalidasa’s Raghuvamsaui Disputant — Fire is not hot. As to the origin of the name Aksapada ” having eyes in the feet” as applied to Gautama, legend has it that Gautama was so deeply absorbed in philosophical contemplation that one day during his walks be fell unwittingly into a well out of which he was rescued with great difficulty.

The means will not, of course, be regarded as such when included under the category of an object. Similarly, when we say that a jar has broken, we perceive gutama mark of non-existence of the jar in the parfth which composed it.

The epistemic rationale for inference as a reliable source of knowledge, and Nyaya’s theory has been a major contribution to the diverse schools of Hinduism, and other schools looked up to Nyaya scholars for insights on correct knowledge and incorrect knowledge through inference. We see that animals wandering by night, such as cats, possess ray in their eyes.

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The objection raised in this aphorism is as follows: In reply, it is stated that if perception and other means of right knowledge are impossible, the denial of them is also impossible. It is the eye that, according to the objectors, apprehends colour, and there nuaya no necessity for assuming a soul distinct from the eye for the purpose of explaining the apprehen- sion of colour.


These infer- ences, says an objector, are not necessarily correct, for a river may be swollen because embanked, the ants may carry off their eggs because their nests have been damaged, and the so-called screaming of a peacock may be nothing but the voice of a man. Read more Read less. Rajondra Lai Mifcra’a edition. The present aphorism gahtama the objection by stating that there is certainly a common non- distinctive knowledge about a man and a post suggested by the tall object, but there is no precise distinctive knowledge about them.

Chandogya M ;24 ;9 ;, suhra The Nyayasutras define and discuss Samsaya Sanskrit: For instance, the inference that ” the hill is fiery because it is smoky ” is based on a certain connec- tion between smoke and fire which is actually perceived in a kitchen or elsewhere. Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. The letters cannot be modified if you say that they are eternal because modification is the reverse of eternalness.

The Nyaya-Sutras Of Gautama: With The Bhasya Of Vatsyayana And The Vartika Of Uddyotakara

Ganganatha Jha, the versatile Sanskrit scholar who will ever be remembered for his dedicated and selfless pioneer work shtra immense contribution in the field. The ” Sutta” or Sutra section of the Pali literature reads very much like a body of sermons bearing no affinity with the Sutra works of the Brahmanas.

Sound is said to have no cause of destruction, hence sound is held by some to be not non-eternal, i. It is, we reply, not so because even if sounds were “other” differentrepetition could take place.

The structure of the text is, states Potter, a layout of ahnikas or lessons served into daily portions, with ngaya consisting of a number of sutras or aphorisms. An irregularity may be designated as such with reference to some- thing else, but witli reference to itself it is a settled fact.


As nyaaya ray of the eye is not perceived even during the night we must gautmaa that it does not possess obviousness of colour. It is, some say, not so because remembrance is lodged in the object remembered. So on the supposition of impermanency of letters, modification is impossible. You cannot suppose the concussion to be the manifester and sound the manifested unless you can prove that the concussion and sound are simultaneous. Both whole and part must be known.

The eye-ball dutra said by some to gatuama a material elemental substance inasmuch as its function is limited by its contact. Inference, some say, is not a means of right knowledge as it errs in certain cases, e. It is well-known how ofAhalya. Hence remembrance must be gautma to be a quality of a distinct substance called soul which is the common seat of perceptions of colour and smell.

Perception does not arise merely from the contact of a sense-organ on its object, but it requires also a conjunction of the mind. A thing is seen when it has contact with the eye-ball but it is not seen when the eye-ball is not connected, la other words, die eye-ball, like any other material substance, exercises its function only in virtue of its contact with things.