In the 8th century BC, India could be broadly understood in terms of five large regions viz. Madhyadesa (the middle country), Pratichya (western lands), Prachya. By the 6th century B.C. there were approximately 22 different Janapadas. The key points related to the Janapadas and the Mahajanapadas are. PDF | On Jan 1, , Karam Tej Sarao and others published Janapadas, Mahājanapadas, Kingdoms, and Republics.

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Various kula s clans developed within the jana, each with its own chief. Kalika at the end of Kaliyuga. The Great Rebellionc.

16 Mahajanapada and their capitals

Two of them were most janapadqs ganatantras republics and others had forms of monarchy. The Matsyas had not much political importance of their own during the time of Buddha. Janapada state in ancient India. Madrasian Culture Soanianc.

It had a monarchical form of government with its capital at Kausambi identified with the village Kosam, 38 miles from Allahabad.

Views Read Edit View history. The location of the capital city, Suktimatihas not been established with certainty. Some kingdoms possessed a main city that served as its capital. Oxford University Press jnaapadas via Google Books. The river Godavari separated the country of the Assakas from that of the Mulakas or Alakas.


Conjectural reconstruction of the main gate of Kusinagara, city of the Mallas, circa BCE adapted from a relief at Sanchi. Shah, the Gandhara and Kamboja were nothing but two provinces of one empire and were located coterminously, hence influencing each other’s language.

Janapada – Wikipedia

Early modern period — Mughal Empire. Madrasian Culture Soanian Culture. In Pali literature, the Matsyas are usually associated with the Surasenas. The Great Rebellionc. The commentator of Kautiliya ‘s Arthashastra identifies Ashmaka with Maharashtra.

Parts of mahajanxpadas India were dominated by tribes who had a slightly different culture, considered non-Vedic by the mainstream Vedic culture prevailing in the Kuru and Panchala kingdoms. Chulla-Niddesaanother ancient text of the Buddhist canon, adds Kalinga to the list and substitutes Yona for Gandhara, thus listing the Kamboja and the Yona as the only Mahajanapadas from Uttarapatha.

The Sanskrit term janapada is a tatpurusha compound term, composed of two words: One king might conduct a military campaign often designated as Digvijaya meaning victory over all the directions and defeat another king in a battle, lasting for a day. Iron Age — BC. Often rivers formed the boundaries of two neighboring kingdoms, as was the case between the northern and southern Panchala and between the western Pandava ‘s Kingdom and eastern Kaurava ‘s Kingdom Kuru.

There were also two other political bodies: Late medieval period — Bronze Age — BC. Often a military general conducted these campaigns on behalf of his king. This detailed map shows the locations of kingdoms and republics mentioned in the Indian epics or Bharata Khanda.


Janapadas and Mahajanapadas

The kingdom of the Magadhas roughly corresponded to the modern districts of Janapasas and Gaya in southern Bihar and parts of Bengal in the east. The Buddhist canonical texts – Anguttara NikayaDigha NikayaChulla-Niddesaalthough with some differences between them, primarily refer to the following 16 mahajanapadas “great janapadas”: Early medieval Chalukya Dynastyc. Tribes and kingdoms mentioned in the Mahabharata. Its later capital was Taksashila Prakrit for Taxila.

There was, however, a struggle for supremacy between king Pasenadi Prasenajit and king Ajatashatru of Magadha which was finally settled once the confederation of Lichchavis became aligned with Magadha. The Chedis, Chetis or Chetyas had two distinct settlements of which one was in the mountains of Nepal and the other in Bundelkhand near Kausambi.

Janapadas and Mahajanapadas

According to one group of scholars, the Gandharas and Kambojas were cognate people. Chalcolithic — BC Anarta tradition. Ancient Madrasian Culture Soanianc.