ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI. ( A.D.). Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known figures associated with the court of King. celebrating the anniversary of Abu Raihan Al-Biruni, a Muslim scholar often regarded as one of the greatest scientists of the medieval Islamic. Abu Raihan al-Biruni () was an Iranian scholar and polymath from Khwarezm — a region which encompasses modern-day western.

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The Golden Age of Persia. His underlying concept was that all cultures are at least distant relatives of all other cultures because they are all human constructs. His enthusiasm for knowledge may be judged from his claim that the phrase Al-birini is Omniscient does not justify ignorance.

In Meri, Josef W.

We know that the Persian era in the valley of the Nile flourished in B. A Persian by birth, a rationalist in disposition, this contemporary of Avicenna and Alhazen not only studied history, philosophy, and geography in depth, but wrote one of the most comprehensive Muslim astronomical treatises, the Qanun Al-Masu’di.

Retrieved 11 September Internet URLs are the best. At an early age, the fame of his scholarship went around and when Sultan Mahmood Ghaznawi conquered his homeland, he took al-Biruni along with him in his journeys to India several times and thus he had the opportunity to travel all over India during a period of 20 years.

He is given the titles the ‘founder of Indology’ and the ‘first anthropologist’ for writing on the customs and creeds of various nations. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: In our time the word is pronounced Biruni or Beeroonie. Al-Biruni was a versatile scholar and scientist who had equal facility in physics, metaphysics, mathematics, geography and history.


One of the specific aspects of Hindu life that Al-Biruni studied was the Hindu calendar.

Al-Biruni – Wikiquote

In his description of Sijzi’s astrolabe he hints at contemporary debates over the movement of the earth. The result of his discovery of radius measurement was due to Biruni’s arduous research about the earth. He also wrote the Kitab-al-Saidanawhich is an extensive materia medica that combines the then existing Arabic knowledge on the subject with the Indian medicine.

The stones adorning the hilt and scabbard of the sword have talismanic significance. In he traveled to South Asia and authored a study of Indian culture Tahqiq ma li-l-hind In both cases he treated these matters with a scientific objectivity that matches the modern explanation.

The dispassionate account of Hinduism given by Al-Biruni was remarkable for its time. The phenomena of statics were studied by using the dynamic approach so that two trends — statics and dynamics — turned out to be inter-related within a single science, mechanics. Different forts and landmarks were able to be located, legitimizing Al-Biruni’s contributions with their usefulness to even modern history and archeology.

He did not go on about deeds that each one carried out during their reign, which keeps in line with Al-Biruni’s mission to try to stay away from political histories.

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Biruni is regarded as one of the greatest scholars of the medieval Islamic era and was well versed al-birui physicsmathematicsastronomyand natural sciencesand also distinguished himself as a historianchronologist and linguist. Views Read Edit View history.

Al Biruni was a great scientist. Biruni also came up with different hypotheses about heat and light.

Abu Arrayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Biruni

Like most scientists of the era, he was a polymath, excelling and writing about various topics from astrology and mathematics to geology and anthropology. But, he did note how some of the accounts of information that he was given by natives of the land may not have been reliable in terms of complete accuracy, however, he did try to be as honest as possible in his writing.

Although he never entirely focuses just on physics in any of his books, the al-birumi of physics is present throughout many of his various works. Translated by Sachau, Eduard. Historical Eclipses and Earth’s Rotation.

Accepting the definite demise of the Afrighids at the hands of the Ma’munids, he made peace with the latter who then ruled Khwarezm. He observed that flowers have 3,4,5,6, or 18 petals, but never 7 or 9.

Over time, Al-Biruni won the welcome of Hindu scholars.